Unit 3- SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT
A.1. Read the following dialogue. First, underline the word or words that represent the subject in each sentence of the dialogue. Then circle the verbs that each subject refers to. (One has been done for you as an example)
1. Is it true that the students from the Space Research Centre are arriving this evening?
2. Yes, the study they are conducting needs an elevated location like our campus.
(another one: they-are conducting)
3. I agree. The constellation they are going to observe is clearly visible from here.
4. What about the team supervisor? Is he coming?
(In first sentence verb 'is' is silent referring to subject team supervisor).
5. No, their manager called this morning. The supervisor is busy making arrangements for the
committee which is to arrive tomorrow.
6. I have heard that he is going to join politics.
(Since 'that' is joining two sentences, another one is he-is going).
7. Yes, this news is true.
(Note: 'is', 'are', 'am', 'be' are known as helping or auxiliary verbs)
8. But honesty is his policy and politics is a corrupt game these days.
(Subject verb pairs are: honesty - is, politics-is)
9. Yes, but that does not mean that good people should not join politics.
(another one: people-should not join)
10. Yes, you are right.
11. When the pick-up bus that we have sent to the railway station arrives here, we may need help
to shift the luggage which, I presume, is going to be very heavy.
A.3 List the subjects from the dialogues in A1 under the following headings.
|Countable Singular||Countable Plural||Uncountable|
A.4 Work in pairs and decide whether the following are countable singular (cs), countable plural (cp) or uncountable (uc).
(b) person: cp
(c) news: cs
(d) oxen: cp
(e) tooth: cs
(f) coffee: uc
(g) knife: cs
(h) boxes: cp
(i) goose: cs
(j) gentlemen: cp
(k) oil: uc
(l) furniture: uc
A.5. Some nouns look as if they are plural, but are in fact singular.Answer:
|E = mC2||Physics|
|1+1 = 2||Mathematics|
Work in pairs and complete the following spider diagrams, a, b and c. All the words will be related to the word in the centre. Some clues are given.
All the above nouns look like plurals (i.e. they end in s.) But they are, in fact, singular nouns
For these nouns we use a …singular… verb.
A.6. Fill in the blanks with appropriate verbs to complete this biography of Rickety Ron.
A.7. Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the following.
|1. What are shears used for?||1. They are used for gardening.|
|2. Have you got the binoculars?||2. No, I don't have them here. Do you have them?|
|3. What are pliers made of?||3. They are made of steel.|
|4. How much this pair of jeans cost?||4. A pair of jeans cost me Rupees eight hundred.|
|5. Are your socks matching with shoes?||5. Yes, they are.|
|6. What are tongs used for?||6. Tongs are used to pick up hot vessels.|
|7. Are your goggles dark?||7. My goggles are photo chromatic.|
|8. Which colour of slacks are not allowed in school?||8. Black slacks are not allowed in school.|
|9. What are scissors used for?||9. Scissors are are used for cutting cloth.|
|10. Can you lend me your compasses?||10. Yes I can, they are in my school bag.|
All the nouns in the above sentences take the_ _ verb.
B Verbs - singular or plural
Look at the following two sentences. Which one is correct?
a) The jury were divided in their opinion. ✔
b) The jury was unanimous in their decision. ✔
B.2. Tick the correct form of the verb in the following sentences:
was/were sent for his arrest.
- The media has/
havebecome more responsible nowadays.
- This news
were/was broadcast from All India Radio.
- Politics is/
arenot meant for students.
- To an outsider the economics of this company
seem/seems to be in a shambles. (Hint: economics here refers to the company's financial status)
- The staff
is/are happy with their working environment.
- Skittles is/
area popular game in India these days.
- Harsh's spectacles
was/were lost on his journey to Manipal.
- Mathematics is/
area compulsory subject for under-graduation in most of the science and commerce streams.
- The public was/
werejubilant when Sachin Tendulkar scored his 50th century.
B.4. Circle the subject and connect it with a verb which follows it
- The whom you saw walking on the road yesterday while returning from school my brother.
- The you wanted to read not available right now.
- The which was bought in the auction made of solid teak-wood.
- The which won four matches this year nominated for the President's award.
- A to the various monasteries an insight into Buddhism.
C. Subject - Verb Agreement - Summary.Read the following sentences. Each of them contains one error. Correct the error and complete the statements that are marked *:
1. One of my friends
2. Every one of the managers
3. Neither of the boxers
4. Tobacco and alcohol
5. He and I
6. Oil and water
7. Age and experience
8. Slow and steady
9. Bread and Butter
10. My uncle and guardian
11. The Collector and District Magistrate
12. The notable patriot and orator
13. The industrialist and the politician
14. Neither Raju nor Sheela
15. No scholarship or reward
16. Either China or Malaysia
17. Neither he nor I
18. Either you or Rashmi