|A painting of Bharat Mata |
by Abindranath Tagore
Answer: (a) Nagpur Session (1920)
Q2: Who is the author of book 'Anandmath'?
(a) Rabindra Nath Tagore
(b) Bankim C. Chattopadhyay
(c) Aurbindo Ghosh
(d) Abandranath Tagore
Answer: (b) Bankim C. Chattopadhyay
Q3: In which Congress session, the resolution on 'Poorna Swaraj' was passed? Who presided this session?
(a) Calcutta, Gandhiji
(b) Karachi, Maulana Azad
(c) Lahore, Jawahar Lal Nehru
(d) Tripura, Subhas Chandra Bose
Answer: (c) Lahore, Jawahar Lal Nehru
Q4: Rowlatt Act was passed in
Answer: (a) 1919
Q5: For the plantation workers, the notion of swaraj meant
(a) Boycotting foreign goods
(b) Going back to their native places
(c) No colonial control over the cultivation of indigo
(d) Manufacturing salt.
Answer: (b) Going back to their native places
Q6: The British General connected with the Jallianwala bagh tragedy was ...
(a) Major Sleeman
(b) General Dyer
(c) Sir Arthur Wellesly
(d) Col. Manson
Answer: (b) General Dyer
Q7: First World war took place between(a) 1914 – 1916
(b) 1912 - 1915
(c) 1914 - 1918
(d) 1918 – 1921
Answer: (c) 1914 - 1918
Q8: Who painted famous image of Bharat Mata?
(a) Rabindranath Tagore
(b) Abanidranath Tagore
(c) Ravi Verma
(d) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
Answer: (b) Abanidranath Tagore
Q9: The objective of the Simon Commission was
(a) To discuss about Swaraj
(b) To investigate Jallianwala massacre
(c) To suggest changes in constitutional system in India
(d) To set objectives for 2nd Round Table Conference
Answer: (c) To suggest changes in constitutional system in India
Q10: The Swaraj Flag was designed by:
(a) Lala Lajpat Rai
(b) J. L. Nehru
(c) S. C. Bose
(d) M. K. Gandhi
Answer: (d) M. K. Gandhi
Q11: What was Rowlatt Act?
- Rowlatt Act was passed in March 1919 by the imperial legislative.
- This gave unbridled powers to the govt. to arrest and imprison suspects without trial for two years maximum.
- This law enabled the Government to suspend the right of Habeas Corpus, which had been the foundation of civil liberties in Britain.
- It caused a wave of anger among all sections and societies of India. It led to the first country-wide agitation by Gandhiji and marked the foundation of the Non Cooperation Movement.
Q12: What was the Inland Emigration Act of 1859?
Answer: Under the Inland Emigration Act of 1859, plantation workers were not permitted to leave the tea gardens without permission.
Q13(CBSE 2010): In which movement did Gandhi see an opportunity to bring Muslims under the umbrella of a unified national movement
(a) the oppressive plantation system in Champaran movement
(b) A satyagraha movement to support the peasants of the Kheda district of Gujarat
(c) A nationwide satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act of 1919
(d) A non-cooperation movement in support of Khilafat as well as Swaraj
Answer: (d) A non-cooperation movement in support of Khilafat as well as Swaraj
Q14(CBSE 2011): Which was the main cause for boycotting foreign goods during Non-Coopeartion Movement ?
(a) A symbol of western economic and cultural dominations
(b) A symbol of foreign rule
(c) A symbol of western political domination
(d) A symbol of oppressive rule
Answer: (b) A symbol of foreign rule
Q16: What was the Inland Emigration Act of 1859?
Answer: Inland Emigration Act of 1859 was to impose restrictions on the movement of plantation workers. According to this Act the workers were not permitted to leave tea quarters without permission.
Q17(CBSE 2011): Which one of the following is not true regarding the Rowlatt Act ?
(a) It barred Indians from carrying weapons and arms
(b) It allowed detention of political prisoners without trial, for two years
(c) Its aim was to give power to the government to repress political activities
(d) The Act controlled the movement of indigo planters
Answer: (d) The Act controlled the movement of indigo planters
Q18(SQP): Why did General Dyer open fire on the peaceful gathering at Jallianwala Bagh on 13th April, 1919?
(a) General Dyer wanted to enforce martial law very strictly in Amritsar.
(b) He wanted to create a feeling of terror and awe in the minds of satyagrahis.
(c) He wanted to demoralise the local congress leaders.
(d) He wanted to gain prominence in the eyes of British government.
Answer: (b) He wanted to create a feeling of terror and awe in the minds of satyagrahis.
Q19: Who designed the 'Swaraj Flag'?
Answer: Mahatma Gandhi
Q20: What was the importance of the Nagpur session of congress?
Answer: The congress passed resolution to begin non-cooperation movement in its session of Nagpur in 1920.
Q21: Why did not the industrial workers participate in the Civil Disobedience Movement (CDM) in large numbers?
Answer: The industrial workers didn't participate in CDM in large numbers because the industrialists came closer to the Congress and gave financial assistance. Thus workers stayed aloof. Also the Congress was reluctant to include workers’ demands as part of its programme of struggle.
Q22: What did freedom meant to the plantation workers of Assam?
Answer: For plantation workers in Assam, freedom meant the right to move freely in and out of the confined space in which they were enclosed. It meant retaining a link with the village from where they had come.