Sunday, December 4, 2011

CBSE Class 8 - (Ch11) - Mensuration



Q1. The area of the floor of a rectangular hall of length 40m is 960 m2. Carpets of size 6m x 4m are available. Find how many carpets are required to cover the hall. (Unsolved Exercise 16.1 from RD Sharma)
Answer:
     length = 6m    breadth = 4m  and Area = l x b
$\therefore$ Area of carpet is = 6 x 4 = 24 m2.
Floor area = 960 m2
Number of carpets =

Q2: Find the area of a square the length of whose diagonal is 2.9 meters. (Unsolved Ex 16.1 from RDS)
Answer: Diagonal (d) = 2.9 m. Let x be the length of each side of the square.
Applying Pythagoras theorem,
$ x^ + x^ = 2x^ = (2.9)^2$
$\Rightarrow x^2 = \text {area of square} = \frac{(2.9)^2}{2} = \frac{8.41}{2} = 4.205 m^2$

Q3: The area of a square field is 0.5 hectares. Find the length of its diagonal in meters.
Answer: 1 hect = 10000 m2
$\therefore$ 0.5 hec = 5000 m2 $
Applying Pythagoras theorem,
$ \frac{diagonal^2}{2} = 5000$
$\Rightarrow diagonal = \sqrt{10000} = 100 m$

Q4: The diameter of a semi-circular field is 14 meters. What is the cost of fencing the plot at Rs. 10 per meter.

Answer: Diameter of field (d) = 14m
$\Rightarrow r = 14 \div 2 = 7m$
$ \text{Perimeter of semicircle} = (\pi + 2) \times r$
$ \Rightarrow = (\frac{22}{7} + 2) \times 7 = 36m $
Cost of fencing per meter = Rs 10
$\therefore \text{cost of fencing for 36m} = 36 \times 10 = \text{Rs }360$




Q5: Find the area of the quadrilateral ABCD as shown. The diagonal AC is 84 units and perpendiculars BE and FD are 21 and 28 units respectively.
Answer: The area of a general quadrilateral = $\frac{1}{2}d \times (h_1 + h_2).$
Here d = 84, h1 = 21 units and h2 = 28 units.
Therefore area = 84 * (21+28)/2 = 2058 square units. (Answer).

1 comment:

  1. thanks..............my papers are going good for you.

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