|Eye of Jumping Spider|
Photo by Thomas Shahan; Source: Flickr
1. Biology: study of living organisms.
2. Botany: study of plants.
3. Zoology: study of animals.
4. Morphology: study of internal and external structures of organisms (plants and animals) organs.
5. Histology: study of tissues.
6. Cytology: study of cells and cell organelles.
7. Anatomy: study of internal organs of plants and animals.
8. Embryology: study about male and female gametes, fertilization and development of embryo.
9. Microbiology: study of micro-organisms.
10. Physiology: study of various body functions and processes (e.g. respiration, photosynthesis, growth etc.).
11. Ecology: study of relationship of living beings (plants and animals) with environment. Also called Environmental biology.
12. Palynology: study of microspores or pollen grains.
13. Palaeontology: study of fossils.
14. Molecular Biology: Study of nature of biomolecules and their interactions in an organism
15. Astrobiology: study of extra-terrestrial life.
16. Biochemistry: study of bio-chemical process (e.g. diffusion, osmosis etc.)
17. Biophysics: study of application of physics principles in life processes.
18. Taxonomy: study of identification, nomenclature and classification of animals and plants.
19. Genetics: study of genes and inheritance
20. Bacteriology: study about bacteria.
21. Virology: study about viruses.
22. Eugenics: study of application of knowledge of genetics to the human welfare.
23. Bioinformatics: information processing of data in molecular biology by using computers.
24. Phytogeography: study about distribution of plants in different parts of the globe.
25. Mycology: study about fungi.
26. Phycology: study about algae.
27. Bryology: study of bryophyte plants.
28. Pteridology: study of Pteridophytes plants.
29. Entomology: study of insects
30. Neurology: branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, functions, and organic disorders of nerves and the nervous system
31: Neuroradiology: Branch of radiology focuses on the diagnosis and abnormalities of nervous system.
32. Biotechnology: use of organisms or their parts to produce useful products like medicines.
33. Ethology: study of how animals behave, particularly in their natural environments.
34. Paleoanthropology: study of human origins and evolution.
35. Sociobiology: study of social behavior based on evolutionary theory.
36. Osteology: study of bones.
37. Ichthyology: study of fishes.
38. Toxicology: study about poisons.
39. Mammology: study of mammals
40. Primatology: study of primates (higher order of mammals)