Thursday, October 25, 2012

CBSE Class 9/10 - Science - All about Names of the Chemical Elements

All about Names of the Chemical Elements

All about Names of the Chemical Elements

1. There are 115 chemical elements known today to the world. Only 90 are found in nature and the rest are artificially created.

2. A good number of elements are named after human beings and mythological figures.



3. Many common element have their names derived from their Latin or Greek names.

4. Elements have been named after heavenly bodies, countries, cities, colours and their properties.

5. According to IUPAC standard, newly discovered elements must have names ending with "ium".

6. Element Names after Gods and Goddesses

 God or Goddess                   Element Name    
GoblinCobalt
TitansTitanium
ThorThorium
PrometheusPromethium
Vanadis (Frejya)Vanadium
NiobeNiobium
TantalosTantalum

7. Element Names after Heavenly Bodies (Planets, Dwarf Planets etc.) Few are the names of God and Goddesses also. e.g. Ceres - a dwarf planet - named after Roman god of agriculture.

Heavenly Body                Element Name
SunHelium
Sun (Aurum)Gold (Au)
NeptuneNeptunium
PlutoPlutonium
Earth (tellus)Tellurium
MoonSelenium
Moon (Argentum)Silver(Ag)
UranusUranium
CeresCerium
Mercury (Hydragium)Mercury (Hg)
Mars (Ferrum)Iron (Fe)
Venus (Cuprum)Copper (Cu)
Saturn (Plumbum)Lead (Pb)
Jupiter (Stanum)Tin (Sn)

8. Element Names after Countries or Cities or Places

Country/City                Element Name
AmericaAmericium
CyprusCopper
EuropeEuropium
France (Gaul)Francium, Gallium
GermanyGermanium
ScandinaviaScandium
PolandPolonium
Russia (Ruthenia)Ruthenium
California, USACalifornium
Magnesia (Greece)Magnesium
Hess, GermanyHassium
Rhine, GermanyRhenium
Darmstadt, GermanyDarmstadium
Stockholm (Holmia)Holmium
Ytterby, SwedenYttrium, Ytterbium, Erbium, Terbium
Dubna, RussiaDubnium
Copenhagen (Hafnia)Hafnium
Paris (Lutetia)Lutetium
Berkeley, USABerkelium


9. After Scientists

Name of the Scientist                Element Name
Albert EinsteinEinstenium
Marie CurieCurium
Niels BohrBohrium
MendeleyevMendelevium
Alfred NobelNobelium
Rutherford Rutherfordium
Enrico FermiFermium
RoentgenRoentgenium
GadolinGadolinium
SeaborgSeaborgium
LawrenceLawrencium
MeitnerMeitnerium

10. Elements named after properties

Property or Feature                Element Name
Water Forming
(hydros + geinomai)
Hydrogen
Acid Forming
(oxys + geinomai)
Oxygen
Nitre Forming
(nitron/soda + geinomai)
Nitrogen
To Flow (Fluere)Fluorine
Magnetic (magnes)Manganese
Inactive (argos)Argon
Stranger/Unknown
(xenon)
Xenon
Hidden (kryptos)Krypton
Artificial (technetos)Technetium
Unstable (astatos)Astatine
Stench (bromos)Bromine
Not Alone (anti + monos)Antimony
Heavy (barys)Barium
Hard to obtain (dysprositos)Dysprosium
Smell (osme)Osmium
To lie hidden (lanthanein)Lanthanum

11. Named after colours and appearances

Colour                Element Name
Colour (chroma)Chromium
Deep Red (rubidus)Rubidium
Rainbow (iris)Iridium

Rose (rhodon)
Rhodium
Pale Green (chloros)Chlorine
White (wiesse masse)Bismuth
Golden Yellow (zargun)Zirconium
IndigoIndium
Violet (iodes)Iodine
Yellow orpiment (arsenicum)Arsenic
Green Twig (thallos)Thallium
Sky blue (caesius)Caesium

12. Elements are named after minerals

Mineral                Element Name
Charcoal (carbo)Carbon
Stone (lithos)Lithium
Lime (calx)Calcium
Earth (tellus)Tellurium
Calamine (cadmia)Cadmium
Devil's Copper (kupfernickel)Nickel
Alum (alumen)Aluminium
Heavy Stone (tungs sten)Tungsten
Samarskite Samarium


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