Directions: Read the following short passages. After each passage, you will find several questions based on what is stated or implied in the passages. Answer the questions that follow each passage.
Passage -1Vehicles do not move about the roads for mysterious reasons of their Own. They move only because people want them to move in connection with the activities which the people are engaged in. Traffic is therefore a ‘function of activities’, and because, in towns, activities mainly take place in buildings, traffic in towns is a ‘function of buildings’, The implications of this line of reasoning are inescapable.
Q1: Line 1 of the passage means that vehicles move on the roads
(a) for reasons difficult to understand.
(b) to serve specific purposes of people.
(c) in a haphazard fashion.
(d) in ways beyond our control.
Q2: The author says that traffic is a ‘function of activities’. He means that
(a) human activities are taking place.
(b) human activities are dependent on traffic.
(c) traffic is not dependent on human activities.
(d) traffic is connected with human activities.
Q3: The author suggests by his argument that
(a) to regulate traffic more policemen have to be employed.
(b) to regulate activities, traffic has to be controlled.
(c) to regulate traffic, buildings have to be taken into consideration.
(d) to understand the traffic problem we must examine the social context in which it is found.
Q4: By ‘this line of reasoning’, the author means
(a) idea contained in this line.
(b) idea contained in anyone line of his argument.
(c) the manner of arguing.
(d) this row of printed characters.
Passage-2Governments throughout the world act on the assumption that the welfare of their people depends largely on the economic strength and wealth of the community. Under modern conditions, this requires varying measures of centralized control and the help of specialized scientists such as economists and operational research experts. Furthermore, it is obvious that the strength of a country’s economy is directly bound up with the efficiency of its agriculture and industry, and that this in turn rests upon the efforts of scientists and technologists of all kinds. It also means that governments are increasingly compelled to interfere in these sectors in order to step up production and ensure that it is utilized to the best advantage.
Q5: According to the author, the function of the government of a country is to
(a) ensure the progress of science in all directions.
(b) encourage mainly agricultural production.
(c) redistribute the wealth of the community.
(d) promote economic growth and proper utilization of resources.
Q6: Government needs the help of
(a) scientists engaged in theoretical research only.
(b) scientists who belong to different disciplines.
(c) social scientists only.
(d) scientists with a wide general knowledge.
Q7: The author states that a country’s economy is
(a) strengthened by the contribution of science to agriculture and industry.
(b) entirely dependent on its agriculture.
(c) chiefly based on the efficiency of its industry.
(d) closely related to the industry of its people.
Q8: Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?
(a) Environmental science is the most important of sciences.
(b) The community as a whole is dependent on industry.
(c) The government is unnecessarily interfering with science and technology.
(d) Science and technology are increasingly coming under the control of the government.
1: (b) to serve specific purposes of people.
2: (d) traffic is connected with human activities.
3: (d) to understand the traffic problem we must examine the social context in which it is found.
4: (c) the manner of arguing.
5: (d) promote economic growth and proper utilization of resources.
6: (b) scientists who belong to different disciplines.
7: (a) strengthened by the contribution of science to agriculture and industry.
8: (d) Science and technology are increasingly coming under the control of the government.