Rulers And Buildings
|Architecture of Hindu Temple|
Short Questions and Answers based on NCERT Chapter
Q1: Who constructed the first balcony of of Qutb Minar?
Answer: Qutubudin Aibak (1199)
Q2: Who built the Agra fort?
Q3: What is trabeate?
Answer: It is a style of architecture in which roofs, doors and windows are made by placing a horizontal beam across two vertical columns.
Q4: Who constructed Kandariya Mahadeva Temple?
Answer: King Dhangadeva of the Chandela dynasty in 999 AD.
Q5: Name the main hall in a temple where dances were performed.
Q6: Name the shrine room in a Hindu temple where image of Cheif Diety is kept.
Q7: Name the famous temple near to the village called Charupallam, the "Village of the Incline".
Answer: Rajarajeshvara temple at Thanjavur.
Q8: Which type of architecture was used in constructing Alai Darwaza (early 14th Century)?
Answer: True Arch called “arcuate”.
Q9: Who constructed Hauz-i Sultani?
Answer: Sultan Iltutmish
Q10: Where is Golden Temple situated?
Answer: Amritsar (Punjab)
Q11: Name the king who built a Shiva temple in his capital and filled it with prized statues seized from defeated rulers.
Answer: Chola king Rajendra I
Q12: List the two important aspects of Mughal architecture.
Answer: The central towering dome and the tall gateway (pishtaq).
Q13: Name the Mughal emperor who wanted to show a connection between royal justice and the imperial court in his newly constructed court at Red Fort, Delhi?
Answer: Shah Jahan
Q14: In Vrindavan, near Mathura, temples built during 14th century resemble to which palace?
Answer: They were very similar to the Mughal palaces in Fatehpur Sikri.
Q15: What is a shikhara?
Answer: Tower like structure on the top of a temple.
Q16: What is pietra-dura?
Answer: It is a technique where coloured, hard stones were placed in depressions carved into marble or sandstone, to create beautiful ornate patterns.
Q17: Name the roof style which was adopted by Bengal rulers.
Answer: A thatched hut.
Q18: What stone was used to construct Govind Deva temple in Vrindavan in 1590?
Answer: Red sandstone